Care & Maintenance of a Botanic Garden
After establishing a garden, you’ll need to nurture your plants for high productivity by providing all essential activities and resources involved in the crops’ stage of growth. These include watering, mulching, staking etc.
Sufficient water is needed to support the life of the plants and encourage growth and also to enable the absorption and use the minerals and other nutrients in the soil by your crops. This ensure that maximum benefits are reaped from the crops. To achieve this, irrigation can be adopted as a supplement to rain water.
For sufficient watering, you need to have the details of the crops and the water requirements as well as the type of soil for your garden and its ability to retain water. You should not over water your crops.
You may need to loosen soil around the crops stem to encourage faster absorption of water. Use of mulch on the soil surface can helps in water retention because it reduces evaporation & soil erosion.
ii. Provide support to plants.
The use of plant supports such as tepees, A-frame. Trellises and stakes have several benefits which include:
- Optimizes the exposure of plant to sunlight.
- Enables proper & efficient air circulation in the garden.
- Makes other activities such as weeding or pruning easier to undertake.
- Enables to optimal use of space available in the garden.
iii. Control weeds.
Weeds bring unnecessary competition for water, sunlight and nutrients that your crops need for better productivity.
They also harbor and create habitats for insects, pest and disease to thrive. It is therefore important to weed your garden regularly and in particular at the early stage of your growing season.
iv. Get rid of dying/rotting/dead plants in your garden
Such as weeds which have pulled out, plant leaves which are dying and plant stalks which are rotting. This is because such plants can harbor pest and disease.
v. Control pest and diseases.
This can be achieved by use of disinfected tools & implements. You can also use pest sprays and fumes to get rid of pest in your garden.
vi. Harvest crops when ready.
When your crops ripen, harvest them and then remove the harvested plants from the garden. If the harvested plants have not been infected by any disease, use them in compost.